My first tip is to avoid alcohol and caffeine in the lead up to an important run. Both these substances are diuretics, which make you pee out more than you drink.
Secondly, drink half a litre of water between one and two hours before the last time you can go to the toilet. If you’re running from home, this means an hour before you leave. If you’re racing, it means an hour before you’ll leave the portaloos or public toilet to get to the start line. This water consumption will help hydrate you during the run, which means you won’t need to drink as much whilst running, which means you shouldn’t need to pee. However it also means you may need to pee 2-3 times in the lead up to the run. That’s fine – it’s much better to get it out of the way whilst it’s convenient. If the queue to the portaloos is a long one, you may need to pee and then get straight to the back of the queue again. That’s ok, you can stretch whilst you’re queuing and let people go ahead of you if you get to the front too quickly – which is a great way to make friends too!
If you’ve had a child you may find your bladder control is somewhat compromised. Running is one of several things that will ‘set it off’. From researching online, Kegel exercises seem the answer most running mums recommend to strengthen the pelvic floor. Here’s a link (Kegal Exercises) to a more thorough explanation of what they are and how to do them. They could also help men and women of a certain age who also struggle with bladder control.
If you follow my advice and are still prone to Number 1s on a long run, then make life as easy as possible: If you’re running a long race, make a mental note of where the portaloos are. Still follow my pre run hydration tips as the ones earlier on the course tend to be much busier, which will mean more time queueing. If you’re spending more than a few hours running you are going to have to pee at some point along the way. This is quite normal and healthy.
Runners Trots & Number 2s
Runners trots (or runner’s diarrhoea) is often caused by dietary choices. Here are the foods and drinks to avoid in the 24 hours before a race or long run:
– Spicy food. This one’s obvious, isn’t it?
– Fatty food (e.g. burgers, cheese, bacon – sorry!) These sit in your stomach for longer and take longer to digest.
– High fibre foods. Some of these are obvious, like cereals, brown bread and baked beans. However, some are less obvious such as green vegetables, potatoes with skins on and many types of fruit.
– Caffeine – unless you’re a real coffee addict with a stomach seasoned to it.
– Alcohol. That’s obvious as well isn’t it?
– White sugar and sweeteners.
– Ibuprofen and other NSAIDs.
– Lactose. You may not be lactose intolerant in everyday life but lactose is difficult to digest and could be what’s giving you stomach cramps during a long run. Try cutting it out in the day before and see it makes a difference.
Some foods which are ‘binding’ meaning they can stop you needing the toilet. These include bananas, plain bagels, boiled white rice and pasta.
To keep up your fruit and veg intake, you can stay healthy by eating grapes, grapefruit, tomatoes or mushrooms. Cucumber and courgettes/zucchini with the skin cut off are also very low in fibre.
Dehydration and low-electrolytes can also cause runners trots or diarrhoea, so stay hydrated and sip an electrolyte drink on long runs to keep your levels up. You may need to experiment with a few different types until you find one your stomach agrees with, and I always find my stomach prefers them watered down.
If all else fails, there’s no harm in taking tablets such as Immodium before an important race, particularly if it doesn’t have portaloos on the route. Just don’t make a habit of it and save it for ‘special occasions’.